VTU First Year Engineering (C Cycle) (Semester 1)
Basic Electronics
December 2011
Total marks: --
Total time: --
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

Choose the correct for the following :-
1 (a) (i) The voltage a which forward current through the diode starts increasing rapidly is called as _____
(A) Saturation voltage
(B) Breakover voltage
(C) cut in voltage
(D) cut off voltage
1 M
1 (a) (ii) Dynamic zener resistance is _____ in reverse breakdown condition.
(A) very high
(B) high
(C) zero
(D) very small
1 M
1 (a) (iii) Smaller the ripple factor, the output will have higher _____ components.
(A) AC
(B) DC
(C) Both AC and DC
(D) Pulse
1 M
1 (a) (iv) The transformer utilization factor of a bridge type full wave rectifier is _____
(A) 0.287
(B) 0.812
(C) 0.864
(D) 0.48
1 M
1 (b) Draw the AC equivalent circuit of a diode.
4 M
1 (c) With a circuit diagram, explain the working of a centre-tapped FWR.
6 M
1 (d) Prove that ripple factor of HWR is 1.21
6 M

Choose the correct answer for the following :-
2 (a) (i) The current conduction in bipolar junction transistor is because of _____
(A) Electrons
(B) Holes
(C) Both electrons and holes
(D) current
1 M
2 (a) (ii) In cut off region both base-to-collector and base to emitter junctions are _____
(A) forward biased
(B) ON
(C) Reverse biased
(D) None of these
1 M
2 (a) (iii) In a transistor IB=30 mA and IE=10 mA. What is the value of ? ?
(A) 0.92
(B) 0.99
(C) 0.98
(D) 0.96
1 M
2 (a) (iv) In CB-mode of a transistor when the reverse bias voltage increases, the width of depletion region also increases, which reduces the electrical base width calles as _____
(A) Depletion
(B) Early effect
(C) cut in
(D) punch through effect
1 M
2 (b) What are the advantages of trasistor over vaccum tube?
4 M
2 (c) Draw and explain the input and output characteristics of CE configuration of a transistor.
6 M
2 (d) For the CE-circuit shown in fig 2(d), draw the DC load line and obtain Q-point values Assume ?=100 and VBE=0.7 V

6 M

Choose the correct answer for the following :-
3 (a) (i) Ideally stability factor should be zero to get _____ Q-point.
(A) Unstable
(B) Centre of the cutoff
(C) Stable
(D) None
1 M
3 (a) (ii) Which of the following factor affects the Q-point stability?
(B) Coupling capacitor
(C) Emitter resistor
(D) Bypass capacitor
1 M
3 (a) (iii) In what biasing circuit voltage shunt negative feed back is provided?
(A) Voltage divider biasing
(B) Fixed bias
(C) Collector to base bias
(D) Emitter bias
1 M
3 (a) (iv) Fixed bias circuit provides _____ stability
(A) Poor
(B) High
(C) Better
(D) Very good
1 M
3 (b) For the circuit shown in fig. IC=2 mA, ?=100, and VCE=3V, Calculate R1 and EC. Assume VBE=0.6V.

8 M
3 (c) What factors cause instability of a Q-point? Explain it.
8 M

Choose the correct answer for the following :-
4 (a) (i) JFET is a _____ device
(A) Bipolar
(B) Unipolar
(C) Uni-Bipolar
(D) None of these
1 M
4 (a) (ii) PNPN device is an _____
1 M
4 (a) (iii) The UJT relaxation oscillator is used to generate _____
(A) Square wave signal
(B) Rectangular wave signal
(C) Sine wave signal
(D) Triggering pulse
1 M
4 (a) (iv) The holding current in SCR is _____ latching current
(A) More than
(B) Less than
(C) Equal to
(D) None of these
1 M
4 (b) Draw the equivalent circuit of a UJT and mention its applications.
4 M
4 (c) What are the applications of SCR?
4 M
4 (d) Draw the drain characteristics of a n-channel JFET and explain it.
8 M

Choose the correct answer for the following :-
5 (a) (i) If the voltage gain of the amplifier is 0.001, what is the value of gain is dB's?
(A) -60
(B) -62
(C) 60
(D) 100
1 M
5 (a) (ii) With negative feedback, the bandwidth of an amplifier _____
(B) Increases
(C) Both A and B
(D) Constant
1 M
5 (a) (iii) In oscillator circuit _____ feedback is used,
(A) Voltage seriers
(B) Positive
(C) Negative
(D) Both +ve and -ve
1 M
5 (a) (iv) In RC-phase shift oscillator each section of RC-network produces phase shift of _____
(A) 60°
(B) 30°
(C) 180°
(D) 90°
1 M
5 (b) With a neat diagram, explain the operation of Colpitt's oscillator.
8 M
5 (c) Explain the operation of single stage RC coupled amplifier and draw its frequency response.
8 M

Choose the correct answer for the following :-
6 (a) (i) For a differential amplifier A4=10000 and CMRR=108. What is the value of AC?
(A) =10-4
(B) 10-6
(C) 104
(D) 100
1 M
6 (a) (ii) For an inverting op-amp if R1=RF then circuit is called _____
(A) Sign changer
(B) Sign multiplier
(C) +ve sign
(D) None of these
1 M
6 (a) (iii) The ideal bandwidth of an op-amp is _____
(A) Zero
(B) Infinity
(C) High
(D) Medium
1 M
6 (a) (iv) Buffer and level shifter is usually a
(A) Current follower
(B) Collector follower
(C) Resistance follower
(D) Emitter follower
1 M
6 (b) Define the following terms with respect to op-amps
(A) Slew rate
(B) Power supply rejection ratio
6 M
6 (c) Derive the expression of output voltage of a op-amp differentiator.
5 M
6 (d) Determine the output voltage for the op-amp adder circuit shown in fig.

5 M

Choose the correct answer for the following :-
7 (a) (i) The carrier frequency is _____ modulating frequency
(A) Lower than
(B) Higher than
(C) Equal to
(D) None of these
1 M
7 (a) (ii) The bandwidth of AM waves is _____
(A) 2fm
(B) fm
(C) fm/2
(D) None of these
1 M
7 (a) (iii) Find the decimal equivalent of (10AB)16.
(A) 3267
(B) 4265
(C) 4268
(D) 4267
1 M
7 (a) (iv) What is the binary equivalent of (1126)8?
(A) 001 001 010 110
(B) 100 001 010 110
(C) 110 110 001 001
(D) 001 001 110 010
1 M
7 (b) Draw the block diagram of superheterodyne receiver and explain the function of each block.
8 M
7 (c) Convert (BCDE)16= ( )2=( )8=( )10.
3 M
7 (d) Subtract (57)10 from (43)10 2's complement form.
5 M

Choose the correct answer for the following :-
8 (a) (i) For NAND-Gate both inputs are high, then output will be _____
(A) High
(B) Low
(C) Tristate
(D) None of these
1 M
8 (a) (ii) Y=AB+AB is a Boolean expression for
(D) None of these
1 M
8 (a) (iii) A+(B+C)=(A+B)+C is a _____ property
(A) Associative
(B) Commutative
(C) Distributive
(D) None of these
1 M
8 (a) (iv) The expression Y=AB+BC+BC when simplified is _____
(A) B+C
(B) AB
(C) A+B
(D) AB+C
1 M
8 (b) Simplify the following Boolean expression
6 M
8 (c) Draw the logic circuit of a full adder and also write its truth table with sum and carry expressions.
6 M
8 (d) Realize the expression F=(X+Y(Z+Y)) using only NAND-Gates.
4 M

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