GTU First Year Engineering (Semester 2)
Elements of Civil Engineering
June 2015
Total marks: --
Total time: --
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

1 (a) 1 The scope of Civil Engineering is
(a) Planning, designing and estimating
(b)Supervision of construction
(c)Maintenance of work
(d)All the above.
1 M
1 (a) 2 The object of surveying is to prepare a
(a) Drawing (b) Cross section
(b)Sketch (d) Map.
1 M
1 (a) 3 The main principle of surveying is to work from
(a) Part to the whole
(b)Whole to the part
(c)Higher to lower level (d) Lower to higher level.
1 M
1 (a) 4 Survey which carried out to represent mountains, valleys, rivers, forests and other details of a country are known as
(a) Cadastral surveys (b)Engineering surveys
(c)Mine surveys
(d)Topographical surveys.
1 M
1 (a) 5 The compass box is made up of
(a) Iron
1 M
1 (a) 6 The vertical angle between the longitudinal axis of a freely suspended magnetic needle and the horizontal is called
(a) Declination
(d)None of the above.
1 M
1 (a) 7 The surface of still water is considered to be
(a) Level
1 M
1 (b) 1 The area of irregular shape can be measured by
(a) Pentagraph
1 M
1 (b) 2 Total station is used for
(a) measuring horizontal, vertical and slope distance
(b)measuring horizontal, vertical and percentage of slope
(c)measuring height of an object
(d)all the above.
1 M
1 (b) 3 Pl an is prepared by taking the cross section at,br> (a) Foundation level
(b)Sill level
(c)Slab level
(d)Lintel level.
1 M
1 (b) 4 Rainfall and snowfall is
(a) Dead load
(b)Live Load
(c)Load on floors
1 M
1 (b) 5 The earth's water circulatory system is known as
(a) water cycle
(b)Hydraulic Cycle
(c)Monsoon Cycle
(d)None of the above.
1 M
1 (b) 6 Main ingredient in the cement composition is
(a) Silica
1 M
1 (b) 7 'No parking' sign is the type of
(a) Regulatory sign
(b)Warning sign
(c)Informatory sign
1 M

2 (a) Differentiate between Plane surveying and Geodetic Surveying.
3 M
2 (b) Explain fundamental principal of surveying in detail.
4 M
2 (c) The observed bearing of a traverse are given in the following table. Calculate 07 included angles and apply necessary correction.
Line Fore Bearing Back Bearing
PQ 110°30' 290°30'
QR 160°00' 340°30'
RS 310°30' 130°30'
ST 12°30' 192°30'
TP 95°00' 275°00'
7 M

3 (a) Differentiate between Plan and Map.
3 M
3 (b) Briefly explain the role of Civil Engineer in infrastructure development.
4 M
3 (c) Differentiate between load bearing and framed structures.
7 M

4 (a) Which are the objectives of watershed development?
3 M
4 (b) Write steps involved in the watershed development.
4 M
4 (c) What are the advantages and disadvantages of water ways and airways?
7 M

5 (a) Draw the neat sketch for the following :Spread footing foundation for the 20 03 cm wall.
3 M
5 (b) Draw the neat sketch for the following : RCC lintel with Chajja.
4 M
5 (c) Enumerate various principles of planning and explain any two in detail.
7 M

6 (a) Which are the various aids and devices used to control, regulate and guide traffic in the cities?
3 M
6 (b) Explain the above application for the cities like Ahmedabad, Baroda, Surat?
4 M
6 (c) The following consecutive readings were taken using 4 meter levelling staff with a dumpy level on continuously slopping ground at 30 meter interval:
0.570,1.235,1.750,2.220,2.665,3.410,1.005,1.835,2.165,3.550,0.825,0.965,1.73 0,and 2.320 m.
The R.L of starting point was 100.00 mt. Find R.L of other points by Rise and fall method and apply check.
7 M

7 (a) Enlist the various materials used in building construction.
3 M
7 (b) Enlist the different types of cement. Discuss uses of cement.
4 M
7 (c) Explain the role of transportation in development of country.
7 M

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