GTU First Year Engineering (Semester 2)
Elements of Civil Engineering
December 2015
Total marks: --
Total time: --
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

Objective Question (MCQ) Attempt Following Questions.
1(a)1 The W.C.B. of a line is 50°, its Q.B. is
(a) N50°W
(b) N50°E
(c) W50°N
(d) E50°N
1 M
1(a)2 The graduated ring and needle are free to move independently in
(a) surveyor's compass
(b) prismatic compass
(c) in both of above
1 M
1(a)3 If the value of contour decreases from inside to outside it shows
(a) lake
(b) plain terrain
(c) hill
(d) undulating surface
1 M
1(a)4 Planimeter is useful to measure
(a) length
(b) area
(c) volume
(d) time
1 M
1(a)5 HI in levelling denotes
(a) total height of staff
(b) height of line of sight with respect to datum
(c) height of line of sight with respect to MSL
(d) total height of levelling instrument
1 M
1(a)6 GIS is useful for
(a) environmental impact assessment
(b) surveying and mapping
(c) natural resource management
(d) all of the above
1 M
1(a)7 The quantity of water required for domestic use is
(a) 500 lpcd
(b) 145 lpcd
(c) 135 lpcd
(d) 100 lpcd
1 M
Attempt Following Questions.
1(b)1 Portion of water held by trees during rainfall is known as
(a) depression storage
(b) Infiltration
(c) Interception
(d) None of the above
1 M
1(b)2 Write full form of MDR in context with highway engineering.
1 M
1(b)3 Load bearing structure transfers the load to sub-soil by
(a) columns
(b) columns and beams
(c) masonry walls
(d) none of the above
1 M
1(b)4 Room which receives air and light from particular direction is called the
(a) aspect
(b) prospect
(c) privacy
(d) roominess
1 M
1(b)5 What is the size of a standard brick?
1 M
1(b)6 If scale of a map is 1cm= 4m, R.F. is
(a) 1/4000
(b) 1/400
(c) 1/40
(d) 1/4
1 M
1(b)7 Civil engineer is mainly responsible for
(a) construction
(b) supervision
(c) estimation
(d) all of above
1 M

2(a) Write a short note on gravity dam.
3 M
2(b) Enumerate the qualities of good brick.
4 M
2(c) Classify the various types of water sources. Discuss any two sources in detail.
7 M

3(a) Write a short note on 'roominess'
3 M
3(b) Draw typical line plan of residential building having living room, two bed rooms, kitchen, toilet and verandah.
4 M
3(c) Name the various types of traffic signs used for traffic control. Describe any two categories of traffic signs in detail.
7 M

4(a) Enumerate various loads acting on a building. Write briefly about any one.
3 M
4(b) Discuss about spread footing and combined footing with neat sketches.
4 M
4(c) Differentiate between framed and load bearing structure.
7 M

5(a) Discuss the scope of civil engineering in development of nation.
3 M
5(b) Write a short note on surveyor's compass with neat sketch.
4 M
5(c) Find the interior angles for a close traverse having following data.
Line Fore Bearing Back Bearing
AB 150°15' 330°15'
BC 20°30' 200°30'
CD 295°45' 115°45'
DE 218°00' 38°00'
EA 120°30' 300°30'
7 M

6(a) Briefly discuss about Remote Sensing.
3 M
6(b) Explain the procedure for reciprocal ranging.
4 M
6(c) The following consecutive readings were taken with a levelling instrument at intervals of 20 m.
2.375, 1.730, 0.615, 3.450, 2.835, 2.070, 1.835, 0.985, 0.435, 1.630, 2.255, 3.630 m
The instrument was shifted after the fourth and eighth readings. The last reading was taken on B.M. of R.L. 110.200 m. Calculate the R.L.s of all the points using rise and fall method.
7 M

7(a) List out the various instruments used in chain surveying.
3 M
7(b) Write characteristics of contours.
4 M
7(c) Draw neat sketch of roof top rainwater harvesting system and then write benefits of rainwater harvesting.
7 M

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