1 (a)
Define a control system. Explain with examples, open loop and closed loop control systems. List the merits and demerits of open loop and closed loop control system.

10 M

1 (b)
For the mechanical system shown in Fig. Q1(b).

i) Draw the mechanical network

ii) Write the differential equations description the system.

iii) Draw the F-V analogous electrical circuit after writing the corresponding electrical equations.

i) Draw the mechanical network

ii) Write the differential equations description the system.

iii) Draw the F-V analogous electrical circuit after writing the corresponding electrical equations.

10 M

2 (a)
For the circuit shown in Fig Q2(a). Draw the block diagram and determine the transfer function \[ \dfrac {V_p(S)}{V_1(S)} \] using block diagram rules.

10 M

2 (b)
For the system represented by the following equations, find the transfer function X(s)/U(s) by signal flow graph techniques

\[ x=x_1+\alpha_3 U \\ x_1=-\beta_1x_1+x_2+\alpha_2U \\ x_2=-\beta_2x_1+\alpha_1U \]

\[ x=x_1+\alpha_3 U \\ x_1=-\beta_1x_1+x_2+\alpha_2U \\ x_2=-\beta_2x_1+\alpha_1U \]

10 M

3 (a)
Explain the following time domain specification of a second order systems, with neat sketch i) Peak time ii) Delay time iii) Rise time iv) Maximum over shoot

v) Settling time.

v) Settling time.

6 M

3 (b)
A system description by \[ \dfrac {d^2 y}{dt^2}+ \dfrac {8dy}{dt}+ 25y(t)=50x(t) \] Evaluate the response and maximum output for a step of 2.5 units.

8 M

3 (c)
In the block shown in Fig. Q3(c) G(s)=A/S

^{2}and H(s)=(ms+n). For A=10, determine the values of m and n for a step input with a time constant 0.1 sec; which give a peak over shoot of 30%.

6 M

4 (a)
What are the difficulties encountered while assessing Routh-Hurwitz criteria and how do you eliminate these difficulties, explain with examples.

6 M

4 (b)
The open loop transfer function of a feedback control system is given by \[ G(s)H(s)= \dfrac {k}{S(s+4)(s^2+2s+2)} \]

i) Using R-H criterion determine the range of K" for which the system will be stable

ii) If a zero at S=-4 is added to the forward transfer function

i) Using R-H criterion determine the range of K" for which the system will be stable

ii) If a zero at S=-4 is added to the forward transfer function

8 M

4 (c)
Using R-H criterion, find the stability of a unity feedback system having closed loop transfer function \[ G(s)= \dfrac {e^{-s1}}{S(s+2)} \]

6 M

5 (a)
State the different rules for the construction of root locus.

8 M

5 (b)
A feedback control system has open loop transfer function: \[ G(S)H(S)= \dfrac {k}{S(s+4)(s^2+4s+20)} \] Plot the root locus for K=0 to ? indicate all point on it.

12 M

6 (a)
Explain co-relation between time domain and frequency domain for second order systems.

6 M

6 (b)
The open loop transfer function of unity feedback control system is given by \[ G(s)H(s)= \dfrac {k}{s(1+0.00 ls)(1+0.25s)(1+0.1s)} \] Determine the value of K, so that the system will have a phase margin of 40°, what will be the gain margin. Use code plot.

14 M

7 (a)
State and explain Nyquist stability criterion.

6 M

7 (b)
Using Nyquist stability criterion, find the range of K for closed-loop stability \[ G(s)H(s)= \dfrac{K}{S(s^2+2s+2)}K>0 \]

14 M

8 (a)
Explain properties and significance of state transition matrix.

10 M

8 (b)
A linear time invariant system is characterized by the homogeneous state equation: \[ \begin{bmatrix} \dot{x_1} \\ \dot{x_2} \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 1 &0 \\1 &1 \end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix}x_1\\x_2\end{bmatrix} \] Compare the solution of homogeneous equation assume the initial state vector.

10 M

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