VTU First Year Engineering (C Cycle) (Semester 2)
Environmental Studies
January 2013
Total marks: --
Total time: --
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

1 In the world's population lndia accounts fora) 10%
b) 5%
c) 25%
d) l6%
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2 World Environmental Day is celebrated ona) 5th June
b) 11th June
c) 12th January
d) 3rd September
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3 Excess fluorides in drinking water is. likely to causea) blue babies
b) flurosis
c) taste and odour
d) intestinal irritation
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4 The leader of Chipko movement isa) Sunderlal Bahuguna
b) Medha Patlcar
c) lfandana Shiva
d) Suresh Heblikar
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5 E.l.A can be expanded asa) Environment and industrial Act
b) Environment and Impact Activities
c) Environment impact Assessment
d) Environmentally important Activities
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6 Which of the following is not a biodegradable pollutant?a) Plastic
b) Skins of vegetables and fruits
c) Dry leaves
d) Paper
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7 Minarnata disease is caused bya) cadmium
b) strontium
c) mercury
d) uranium
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8 BOD stan ds fora) Biochemical Oxygen Demand
b) Biological Oxygen Demand
c) Biogeochemical Oxygen Demand
d) None of these
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9 Greenhouse effect is caused lay excess ofa) CO2
b) H2 c) He d)O2
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10 Photochemical smog is caused bya)PAN + O2
b) PAN + O3
c) O3 + O2
d) PAN + CO2
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11 Energy flow in any ecosystem is alwaysa) bidirectional
b) unidirectional
c) multidirectional
d) none of these
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12 Sunderbans is the name of place ina) Assam
b) West Bengal
c) Kantatalra
d) All ofthese
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13 Mangrove Forests are seen ina) Mumbai
b) Nicobar islands
c) West Bengal
d) All of these
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14 Rearing fish is calleda) pisciculture
b) sericulture
c) fishiculrure
d) horticulture
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15 Western Ghats are not located ina) North East India
b) Maharashtra
c) Peninsular India
d) Gujarat
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16 Medha Patkar is famous fora) Chipko Movement
b) Narmada Bachao Andolan
c) Green Revolution
d) Silent Valley Project
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17 Examples of renewable resources area) wind energy
b) solar energy
c) tidal energy
d) all of these
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18 Biogas is made up mostly ofa) hydrogen
b) carbon dioxide
c) ethane
d) methane
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19 Pyramid of numbers in a pond ecosystem is alwaysa) inverted
b) erect
c) irregular
d) none of these
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20 Cyciing of materials in the biosphere is calleda) biochemical cycle
b) biophysical cycle
c) biogeochemical cycle
d) geochemical cycle
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22 Salim Ali was an expert ina) agricultural sciences
b) rainwater harvesting
c) ornithology
d) environmental law
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23 Which of the following diseases is not spread by water?a) diarrhea
b) chickenpox
c) cholera
d) dysentery
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24 D.D.T. is aa) fungicide
b) pesticide
c) fertilizer
d) disinfectant
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25 Which of the following waste material is degradable?a) plastic
b) metal
c) glass
d) paper
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26 Environmental Education is targeted toa) general public
b) professional social groups
c) technicians and scientists
d) all of these
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27 Bhopal gas tragedy caused due to leal-cage oi"a) Methyl lso Cyanide {MIC}
b) Suplhur dioxide
c) Mustard gas
d) Methane
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28 Which state is having highest women literacy rate in India?a) Karnataka
b) Punjab
c) Rajasthan
d) Kerela
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29 The virus that causes AIDS isa) HIV
b) TMV
c) HMV
d) none of these
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30 Kalahazar is spread bya) tape worms
b) rats
c) mosquitoes
d) sand flies
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31 Which of the following is not a greenhouse gas ?a) CO2
b) CH4
c) CFC
d) H2
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32 Ionizing radiations of ecological importance area) Alpha Rays
b) Beta Rays
c) Gama Rays
d) None of these
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33 The proportion of methane in biogas isa) 20-30%
b) 10-30%
c) 60-70%
d) 80-90%
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34 Which is not a natural disaster?a) Cyclone
b) Nuclear explosion
c) Earthquake
d) Volcano
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35 Landslides arc caused bya) earthquakes
b) dam building
c) mining
d) all of these
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36 Radiation is a health hazard because it leads toa) typhoid
b) cancer
c) colour blindness
d) pneumonia
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37 Which of these gases causes air pollution?a) Nitrogen
b) Hydrogen
c) Water - vapour
d) Carbon monoxide
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38 Kitchen Wastes containa) non-biodegradable pollutants
b) biodegradable pollutants
c) radioactive pollutants
d) none of these
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39 Water pollution is caused bya) sewage
b) industrial effluents
c) discharge from Forms
d) all of these
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40 D.D.T pollutesa) air
b) water
c) soil
d) all of these
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41 Pyramid of energy is alwaysa) inverted
b) erect
c) rectangular
d) none of these
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42 Herbivores area) primary producers
b) consumers
c) decomposers
d) all of these
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43 The sequence of organisms in a food chain isa) consumer ? producer ? decomposer
b) decomposer ? consumer ? producer
c) producer ? decomposer ? consumer
d) producer ? consumer ? decornposer
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44 Which of the following is a top carnivore?a) Tiger
b) Crocodile
c) Hawk
d) All of these
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45 One method of Nitrogen fixation in nature is bya) thunder
b) rain
c) lightning
d) storm
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46 Coal is aa) renewable source of energy
b) inexhaustible source of energy
c) non-renewable source of energy
d) none of these
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47 Which of the following is a non-polluting source of energy?a) Coal
b) Petroleum
c) Natural gas
d) Solar energy
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48 Deforestation is majorly caused bya) mining
b) overgrazing
c) dam building
d) all of these
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49 Major dams may causea) earthquakes
b) hurricanes
c) storms
d) cyclones
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