SPPU First Year Engineering (Semester 1)
Basic Civil and Environmental Engineering (BCEE)
December 2013
Total marks: --
Total time: --
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

Answer any one question from Q1 and Q2
1 (a) Explain in brief the role of civil engineering in a construction of Hydropower station.
4 M
1 (b) State comparison between load bearing structures and framed Structure.
4 M
1 (c) State any four practical application of quantity Surveying and Estimation.
4 M

2 (a) Define Fluid. State various types of fluids. Explain the importance of fluid mechanics.
4 M
2 (b) Explain in brief the following:
i) Prestressed Concrete.
ii) Qualities of First class bricks.
4 M
2 (c) Define foundation. State any four functions of foundation.
4 M

Answer any one question from Q3 and Q4
3 (a) The following consecutive readings were taken with a level and 4m staff on a continuously sloping ground at common interval of 30m.
0.905. (onA), 1.745, 2.345, 3.125, 3.725, 0.545, 1.390, 2.055, 2.955, 3.455 (on B). The of 'A' was 395.500m. Calculate the R.L.s of different points and the find the gradient of line AB. Use Rise & Fall Method.
8 M
3 (b) Explain in brief Biotic and Abiotic components of Ecosystem.
4 M

4 (a) Explain in brief the component of Grassland Ecosystem.
4 M
4 (b) Explain in brief the following:
i) Hydrological Cycle.
ii) E-waste
4 M
4 (c) state any four characteristics of contour lines. (Draw a neat sketches to justify your answer).
4 M

Answer any one question from Q5 and Q6
5 (a) State the various points / factors to be considered while selecting a site for Industrial Building.
5 M
5 (b) Define Carpet Area and Built Up Area. Determine the total Carpet of a Two storeyed building from the following:
i) Plot Area = 40m × 25m.
ii) FSI Allowed=1.0
iii) Ratio of Built up Area of Carpet Area=0.75.
4 M
5 (c) State and explain various Eco-friendly materials used in construction.
4 M

6 (a) Explain with a neat sketch the following:
i) Roominess
ii) Privacy
5 M
6 (b) State with reason the desirable aspects for the following:
i) Living
ii) Toilet Block (W.C)
iii) Photo studio
iv) Store Room
4 M
6 (c) State and explain various point to be considered while planning & construction of sustainable building.
4 M

Answer any one question from Q7 and Q8
7 (a) Define Noise. What are the sources of Noise. How noise pollution can be minimized.
5 M
7 (b) Define Air Pollution. Explain in brief the Primary and Secondary Air Pollutants.
5 M
7 (c) Explain in brief why are reluctant towards use of Non conventional energy sources.
3 M

8 (a) Write a short note on Solar Energy.
5 M
8 (b) Explain in brief the sources of Land Pollution. Also state the remedial measures to control land pollution.
5 M
8 (c) Write a short note on Global Warning.
3 M

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