1 (a)
What are the principles of surveying? Explain.
10 M
1 (b)
A rectangular plot of land measures 30cm × 40cm on a village map drawn to a scale of 100 m to 1 cm. Calculate its area in hectares. If the plot is re-drawn on a topo sheet to a scale of 1 km to 1 cm, what will be its area on the topo sheet? Also determine the R.F. of the scale of the village map as well as on the topo sheet.
10 M
2 (a)
The distance between two stations was measured with a 20m chain and found to be 1500 m. The same was measured with a 30m chain and found to be 1476m. If the 20m chain was 5cm too short, what was the error in the 30m chain?
10 M
2 (b)
With the aid of neat sketches explain the indirect method for determining horizontal distance applicable to sloping ground.
10 M
3 (a)
Describe how to erect a perpendicular to chain line from a point on it?
10 M
3 (b)
Give the possible solutions for surveying area having obstacles to both chaining and ranging.
10 M
4 (a)
Distinguish between whole circle bearing and reduced bearing systems.
6 M
4 (b)
What do you mean by magnetic dip and magnetic declination?
4 M
4 (c)
Determine the values of included angles in the closed compass traverse ABCD conducted in the clockwise direction, given the following fore bearings of their respective lines:
Apply Check:
Apply Check:
LINE | AB | BC | CD | DA |
F, B | 40° | 70° | 210° | 280° |
10 M
5 (a)
The following bearings were observed with a compass:
Where do you suspected the local attraction? Find the corrected bearings.
Where do you suspected the local attraction? Find the corrected bearings.
LINE | AB | BC | CD | DE | EA |
F, B | 73° 0' | 91° 0' | 166° 0' | 177° 0' | 189° 0' |
B, B | 254° 0' | 272° 0' | 343° 0' | 0° 0' | 8° 0' |
10 M
5 (b)
What do you mean by closing error? How do you correct it by Bowditch's rule and transit rules? Explain.
10 M
6 (a)
Define the terms:
i) Bench mark
ii) MSL
iii) Turning points
iv) Fore sight.
i) Bench mark
ii) MSL
iii) Turning points
iv) Fore sight.
4 M
6 (b)
Give step by step procedure for temporary adjustments of a dumpy level.
6 M
6 (c)
The following staff readings were taken with a level, the instrument having been moved after third, sixth and eight readings.
2.225, 1.625, 0.985, 2.095, 2.795, 1.265, 0.605, 1.980, 1.045 and 2.685 m.
Enter the above readings in a page of level book and calculate the RL of points. The first readings was taken on bench mark of RL 100,000m. Use the rise and fall method.
2.225, 1.625, 0.985, 2.095, 2.795, 1.265, 0.605, 1.980, 1.045 and 2.685 m.
Enter the above readings in a page of level book and calculate the RL of points. The first readings was taken on bench mark of RL 100,000m. Use the rise and fall method.
10 M
7 (a)
The following reciprocal levels were taken with one level.
Determine
i) True difference in elevation between A and B.
ii) RL of B and
iii) The collimation error.
Determine
i) True difference in elevation between A and B.
ii) RL of B and
iii) The collimation error.
Instrument at | Readings on | Remark | |
A | B | ||
A | 1.564 | 2.787 | Distance AB=100 m |
B | 0.436 | 1.695 | RL of A=190.850 m |
10 M
7 (b)
Bring about different characteristics of contours.
10 M
8 (a)
What are the methods of plane table surveying? Explain any two from them.
10 M
8 (b)
List the limitations of planes table surveying and give advantages of plane table.
10 M
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