SPPU Civil Engineering (Semester 8)
Quantity Surveying, Contracts and Tenders
April 2013
Total marks: --
Total time: --
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

Answer any one question from Q1 and Q2
1 (a) What is and estimate? State the purposes of preparing a detailed estimate?
4 M
1 (b) State the unit of measurement and rule for deductions to be made for openings in cases of following items
i) Plastering to the wall surface (Internal and external)
ii) Brick masonry in superstructure for main walls and partition walls
6 M
1 (c) Prepare an approximate estimate for a school building. Use following data.
i) No. of students in the school = 400
ii) Floor area for class rooms = 1m2/ student
iii) Area for administration building = 20% of classroom area class including staffroom, office Head
iv) Area for sanitary block for girls, = 20% of class room area boys, ladies and gents staff.
v) Area occupied by walls, Passage etc = 25% total floor area.
vi) Plinth area rate of construction= Rs 1000 /m2
vii) Contingencies and work charg establishment = 5% of construction
viii) Water supply, drainage and electrification =16% of total cost.
6 M

2 (a) State different types of estimate and hence differentiate between revised estimate and supplementary estimate
6 M
2 (b) What is a construction item? Write brief description as required in the measurement and billing of any item.
4 M
2 (c) State different methods of preparing approximate estimate. Explain any one method and elaborate various factors to be considered during preparation of approximate estimate.
6 M

Answer any one question from Q3 and Q4
3 Figure 1 shows plant of a residential building. Determine quantities of following items
i) Excavation for foundation for tooting
ii) R.C.C. in tooting
iii) R.C.C. in columns
iv) R.C.C. in Slab
V) R.C.C. in beam
Vi) Steel reinforcement, it percentage of steel for various element is Column: 2% , Beam and lintel: 1.2 % Slab: 1%, footing: 0.8%.

All beam of size 0.23m x 0.4m
All columns of size 0.23 x 0.4m
Slab 0.15m thick
Footing: 1.0m x 1.2m

18 M

4 Figure 2 shows section of a circular R.C.C. storage reservoir. Determine the quantities of following items.
i) Excavation for foundation in hard murram
ii) P.C.C. M15 in plinth and foundation.
iii) U.C.R. Masonry in C.M. (1:6) in plinth and foundation.
iv) R.C.C. M20 in base slab and roof slab.
v) R.C.C. M20 in container wall of the tank
vi) Steel reinforcement in Kg if the percentage of steel in all R.C.C member is 1.5%.

18 M

Answer any one question from Q5 and 6
5 (a) Determine the rate per unit for the item of U.C.R. masonry in C.M.C(1:6) in superstructure. use following rates for materials and labour, also assume any other data if necessary stating it clearly
Rubble: Rs 500/m3, Sand: Rs 1500/ m3,
Cement: Rs 270/bat, Mazdoor: Rs 300/day, mason: Rs 600/day and head mason: Rs 800/day.
6 M
5 (b) A residential building is constructed in brick masonry in C.M.(1:6). The details of the masonry are as below.
Main wall cone brick thick): L = 62m, h = 3m b= 0.2m for our brick thick wall.
i) Determine the basic materials like bricks, sand and cement to required complete the work.
ii) If 5 masons and 12 mazdoors are employed for the work, determine the time in days required to complete the work
6 M
5 (c) Draft a detailed specification for providing and laying P.C.C. (1:2:4) in plinth ad foundation bed with reference to following points
i) Materials quality proportions etc
ii) Method of execution and work mans chip
iii) Method of measurement and payment.
4 M

6 (a) Determine the rate per Cu. m for providing and laying Brick Masonry in C.M. (1:6) Assume following rates for materials and labour and assume other details if required. Materials: Bricks: Rs. 4000 / 1000 Nos., Cement: Rs 280/bag Sand: Rs. 1200/m3.
Head mason: Rs 800 /day, Mason: Rs 600/ day and Mazdoor: Rs 300 / day.
6 M
6 (b) U.C.R masonry in C.M. (1:6) for a retaining wall is 412 m3. Determine the basic materials required for the construction of retaining wall. Also if 6 masons and 12 mazdoors are employed for this work, find the time in days required to complete the work.
6 M
6 (c) Draft a detailed specification for providing internal plaster in C.M (1:3) with reference to following points
i) Materials , quality ect
ii) Method of execution, work manship and
iii) Method of measurement and payment
4 M

Answer any one question from Q7 and Q8
7 (a) A construction equipment is purchased for Rs 160,000/-Knowing that the salvage value is Rs 20,000/- at the end of 5 years calculate book value of the equipment at the end of each year using constant percentages method of depreciation.
6 M
7 (b) Explain in brief the following terms.
i) Sinking Fund
ii) Depreciation and
iii) Leasehold property
6 M
7 (c) Discuss any four purposes of valuation of a property.
4 M

8 (a) A plot of land has the shape as shown in figure 3. Determine the value of the plot using belting method. The depth of the front belt is 24 m and its rate is Rs 400 per square meter. Assume number of belts, sizes of belts and their rates as per usual standard practice.

10 M
8 (b) What do you understand by the term 'outgoing'? discuss the significance of outgoings in valuation.
4 M
8 (c) What is meant by value of a property? Briefly explain any three types of values of a property.
4 M

Answer any one question from Q9 and Q10
9 (a) enlist various methods of execution of minor works in PWD. Explain any one method giving its merits and demerits.
6 M
9 (b) A 6+1 residential bungalow of estimated cost Rs 60 lakhs is to be constructed in a plot lying on Mumbai-Pune expressway near to Monawala. draft a tender notice for inviting tenders under ?-bid? system for execution of the work.
6 M
9 (c) Briefly discuss different forms of BOT tenders.
4 M

10 (a) What is administrative approval? Explain its significance in PWD method of execution of works
6 M
10 (b) (i) pre-bid conference
3 M
10 (b) (ii) method of inviting tenders
3 M
10 (c) Explain the term?cruting of Tenders
4 M

Answer any one question from Q11 and Q12
11 (a) Define 'arbitration' and hence explain various matters which can be refered to an arbitrator
4 M
11 (b) state different types of contract and explain any one in detail
6 M
11 (c) Discuss the responsibilities of an owner and a contractor with reference to the contract signed between them while exeution of the work.
6 M

12 (a) State with reasons whether following sentences indicate the instances of legal valid contract or not i) A contractor agrees orally to construct an additional floor on an existing ground floor of a bungalow. During discussion the owner and contractor agree to proceed with the work urgently.
ii) A contract signed by an owner undergoing treatment for severe headache.
iii) Contract signed for sharing of smuggled goods,
6 M
12 (b) State four advantages of arbitration Discuss the matters which can not be refered to an 'arbitrator' as per Arbitration Act 1940.
6 M
12 (c) Write a note on conditions of valid contract.
4 M

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