VTU Mechanical Engineering (Semester 4)
Material Science & Metallurgy
June 2013
Total marks: --
Total time: --
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

1 (a) With neat sketch,explain body centred cubic face centred and closed packed hexagonal structures with example.
9 M
1 (b) Derive expression for atomic packing factor of BCC,FCC and HCP structure
7 M
1 (c) Briefly explain the different types of point defects
4 M

2 (a) With the help of stress -strain digram. Explain the behaviour of ductile and brittle materials
8 M
2 (b) The following data have been obtained in hardness test of specimens. Calculate the hardness number. Assume dia of ball indenter =10mm.
Material types Load (kgf) impression(mgf)
A brinells 500 4.6
B vickers 5 0.28

6 M
2 (c) Define the following terms Toughness, Resilience, Proof stress and ductility.
6 M

3 (a) With neat digram , explain the feature in the following:
12 M
3 (b) Explain the three stages of creep with a neat sketch and its characteristic
8 M

4 (a) With net diagram ,explain the process of nucleation
4 M
4 (b) Write a note on Gibbs phase rule with an example
4 M
4 (c) With the help of cooling curve,explain how solidification process begins in pure metals
6 M
4 (d) Briefly explain the rules behind the solid solubility
5 M

5 (a) Construct the Ag-Cu phase diagram using following data;
Melting point of Ag=960.5°c
Melting point of Cu=1085°C
Eutectic point=779.4°c
Eutectic composition =28.1%Cu
Maximum solubility of Ag in Cu and Cu in Ag is 8%
maximum solubility of Cu in Ag in Cu is 2%.Assume the liquids ,solidus and solves lines are straight .calculate:
Amount of eutectic in 20% Cu,80%Ag alloy at 700°c and
Percentage and composition of solid phase in 60%Cu and 40% Ag alloy 400°C.
10 M
5 (b) What is level rule? Explain how it is useful.
5 M
5 (c) What is phase diagrams?how are they classified?
5 M

6 (a) Draw Iron-carbon equilibrium diagram and explain primary crystallization of steel hypoeutectic cast iron hypereutectic cast iron
10 M
6 (b) Define the following annealing ,normalization, tempering , carburizing and nitriding
10 M

7 (a) How cast iron classified ?What are the properties of cast iron?
8 M
7 (b) How generally steels are classified ?consider at least two composition mixture .mention its application and advantages
6 M
7 (c) Explain the composition ,properties and used of at least two copper based alloys
6 M

8 (a) Derive an expression for load distribution in a composite for longitudinal loading of fibre reinforced composite
10 M
8 (b) With a neat diagram ,explain the hand laminating process
10 M

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