VTU First Year Engineering (P Cycle) (Semester 1)

Elements of Civil Engg. & Engg. Mechanics

December 2014

Elements of Civil Engg. & Engg. Mechanics

December 2014

1 (a)
Briefly explain the role of civil engineers in the infrastructural development.

10 M

1 (b)
In the traigle ABC, a force at 'A' produces a clockwise moment of 90 KN-m at B and an anticlockwise moment of 45 kN-m at C. Find the magnitude and direction of the force.

6 M

1 (c)
Define force and its characteristics.

4 M

2 (a)
Explain the following with neat sketches:

i) Principle of superposition of forces

ii) Principle of transmissibility of forces.

iii) Couple and its characteristics.

i) Principle of superposition of forces

ii) Principle of transmissibility of forces.

iii) Couple and its characteristics.

10 M

2 (b)
Draw typical cross section of a road and explain the parts.

10 M

3 (c)
State
and prove parallelgram law of forces.

6 M

3 (a)
Four co-planar forces acting at a point are shown in Fig. Q3(a). One of the forces is unknown and its magnitude is shown by 'p'. The resultant has a magnitude of 500 N and is acting along the x-axis. Determine the unknown force 'P' and its inclination with x-axis.

8 M

3 (b)
State and prove Varignons theorem of moments.

6 M

4 (a)
Determine the magnitude, direction of the resultant force for the force system as shown in Fig. Q4(a). Locate the resultant force with respect to point D.

8 M

4 (b)
26 kN force is the resultant of the two forces, one of which is as shown in Fig, Q4 (b). Determine the other force.

8 M

4 (c)
Explain the principle of resolved parts.

4 M

5 (a)
Determine the reactions at constant points for spheres A, B and C as shown in Fig. Q5 (a). it is given that W

_{A}-W_{B}=4 kN, W_{C}-6kN, d_{A}=d_{D}=500mm, d_{c}=800mm

12 M

5 (b)
For the beam with loading shown in Fig. Q5(b). determine the reactions at the supports.

8 M

6 (a)
State
and prove Lamis theorem.

8 M

6 (b)
The ladder shown in Fig. Q6 (b) is 4 m long and is supported by a horizontal floor and vertical wall. The co-efficient of friction at the wall is 0.25 and at the floor is 0.50. The weight of the ladder is 200 N, considered concentrated at 'G'. The ladder supports a vertical load of 1000 N at 'C'. Determine the ractions 'A' and 'B' and compute the least value of '?' at which the ladder may be placed without slipping.

8 M

6 (c)
State laws of friction.

4 M

7 (a)
Determine the centroid of a semi-circular lamina of radius R by method of integration.

8 M

7 (b)
Determine the moment of inertia of the section shown in Fig. Q7(b) about its centroidal axes. Calculated the least radius of gyration for the section as well.

12 M

8 (a)
State and prove parallel axis theorem.

6 M

8 (b)
Locate the centroid of the shaded area as shown in Fig. Q8 (b)

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8 M

8 (c)
Derive an expression for moment of inertia of a triangle with respect to horizontal centroidal axis.

6 M

9 (a)
What is centrifugal force? What is super elevation?

4 M

9 (b)
Determine the position at which the ball it thrown up the plane will strike the inclined plane as shown in Fig. Q9(b). The initial velocity is 30 m/s and angle of projection is \[ \tan^{-1} \left( \dfrac {4}{3} \right)\] with horizontal.

8 M

9 (c)
A stone is dropped from the top of the tower 50 m high. At the same time another stone is thrown up from the tower with a velocity of 25 m/s, At what distance from the top and after how much time the two stones cross each other?

8 M

10 (a)
What is projectile? Define the following terms briefly: i) Angle of projection

ii) Horizontal range

iii) Vertical height

iv) Time of flight

ii) Horizontal range

iii) Vertical height

iv) Time of flight

10 M

10 (b)
A burglar's car starts at an acceleration of 2 m/s

^{2}. A police vigilant party came after 5 s and continued to chase the burglar's car with a uniform velocity of 20 m/s. Find the time taken in which the police van will overtake the car.
10 M

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