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MU Civil Engineering (Semester 6)
Applied Hydraulics - 2
May 2015
Total marks: --
Total time: --
INSTRUCTIONS
(1) Assume appropriate data and state your reasons
(2) Marks are given to the right of every question
(3) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary

Answer any 4 of the following
1 (a) Explain surface profiles in open channel.
5 M
1 (b) Explain Boundary Layer separation and control measures.
5 M
1 (c) Compare Kennedy's and Lacey's theory.
5 M
1 (d) Explain specific energy curve.
5 M
1 (e) Write a note on standing wave Flume.
5 M

2 (a) A trapezoidal channel with a side slope of 1:1 has to be designed to convey 10m3/sec at a velocity of 2 m/sec, so that the amount of concrete lining for the bed and sides is minimum. Calculates the area of lining required for one meter length of channel. The rugosity coefficient N=0.015, calculate the bed slope the channel for uniform flow.
10 M
2 (b) Water flows at the rate of 1m3/sec along a channel of rectangular section 1.6 m in width. Calculate the critical depth. If a standing wave occurs at a point where the upstream depth is 0.2m, what would be rise in water level produced and the power lost in standing waves.
10 M

3 (a) A 1.6m wide, 5m long plate moves through stationary air of density 1.22 × 10-3 gm/cc and viscosity 1.8 × 10-4 poise at a velocity of 1.75 m/sec parallel to its length. Determine the draw force on one side of the plate. (a) Assuming laminar flow conditions, (b) Assuming turbulent flow condition.
12 M
3 (b) A kite of dimensions 0.8 × 0.8 m and weighing 6 N is maintain in air at an angel of 10° to the horizontal. The string attached to the kite makes an angel of 45° to the horizontal and at this position, the drag and lift coefficients are estimated to be 0.6 and 0.8 respectively. Determine wind speed and tension in the string.
8 M

4 (a) Water flows in a rectangular channel of 4 m width at a depth of 2.50 m and a velocity of 2.25 m/sec. If the width of channel is reduced to 2.250 m and the bed of channel is raised by 0.20 m at section, how will the level of water surface in the channel be affected?
10 M
4 (b) Design an irrigation channel in alluvial soil according to Lacey's silt theory. Given the following data, slope of channel =1:5000, Lacey's slit factor=0.9.
10 M

5 (a) Derive boundary layer thickness, local coefficient of drag and coefficient of drag for the given velocity profile
$\dfrac{u}{U}=\dfrac{3}{2}\dfrac{\gamma }{\delta }-\dfrac{1}{2}\left ( \dfrac{\gamma }{\delta } \right )^{3}$
15 M
5 (b) Explain discharge curve in open channel.
5 M

6 (a) A circular of 1 m diameter and 10 m length is rotated at 420 rpm about its axis when its is kept in air stream with 11.0 m see velocity perpendicular to it axis. Determine (i) Circulation around the cylinder. (ii) Theoretical lift and lift coefficient , (iii) Position of stagnation point, (iv) Actual drag and lift force on the cylinder and (v) Actual resultant force and its direction.
10 M
6 (b) Derive dynamic equation for gradually varied flow in case of wide rectangular channel. Also state assumptions made for the same.
10 M

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